Harry J. Anslinger and the Campaign against Marijuana

Cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in the world. Despite its current legal status it only became criminalised within the last century, before which it was both a regularly used recreational drug as well as a medically prescribed drug for dealing with a wide range of ailments from glaucoma to cancer and multiple sclerosis. So if merely a century ago Marijuana was a widely used and medically acknowledged drug how did it manage to reach the criminalised status that it now holds?

In America the criminalisation of cannabis began as a relatively slow and understated process with certain states outlawing its use starting in the District of Columbia in 1906. A couple of states followed this example and outlawed the use of cannabis throughout the 1910s and 20s but it wasn’t until the 1930’s that the criminalization of cannabis became a major issue.

The reason that cannabis became such a huge issue was the launch of a massive smear campaign against marijuana lead by Harry J Anslinger from 1930 to 1937. Harry J Anslinger started his career as the Assistant Prohibition Commissioner in the Bureau of Prohibition before he was promoted to the position of Commissioner in the newly created Federal Bureau of Narcotics in 1930. Anslinger held this position for 32 years, but it is his campaign against marijuana, which dominated the first 7 years of his tenure, that he is most widely remembered for.

Anslinger made heavy use of the mass media in order to spread his anti-cannabis message. Anslinger notoriously fabricated a number of stories tenuously linked to police reports that he published in his “Gore File” and used to turn the public against the drug and gain backing for its criminalisation. Among the accusations he levied were “There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the US, and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana usage. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others.”; “Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men.”; “You smoke a joint and you’re likely to kill your brother.” These accusations were designed to pray on the worries that many American’s had about the number of immigrants entering the country.

A more interesting point relating to this is that Anslinger wanted the growth of all marijuana plants outlawed; including those that yield no intoxicating chemicals and can only be used to produce the extremely versatile textile hemp and cannabis oil which can form a cheap and effective base for fuels, paints and plastics. Anslinger and his primary supporter, William Randolph Hearst, both had considerable interest in the petrochemical industry and it has been suggested that the anti-cannabis campaign was primarily designed to eliminate hemp as a competitor.

No matter the reasons it is clear that Harry J Anslinger and his anti-cannabis activism played an enormous role in the national criminalisation of the drug, something which is still strongly debated to this day.

Guidelines For Finding A Competent Criminal Lawyer

Criminal law is that branch of law, which deals with criminal cases. This law engages few rules and regulations and violation of the law means severe punishment. You need to avail help of a good lawyer in case you face any such punishments, and want to avert it.

Your attorney ought to be able to see-through all your doubts. If your lawyer is fully aware of your case, then he/she will be able to defend you in a much better way. Therefore, you should shortlist a few skilled criminal lawyers and then select amongst them. .

Here are a few tips to find a good Criminal Lawyer:

* Online search: You can research on the Internet for reputed lawyers in the US. The search will give you a list of attorneys and their contact numbers. You may also visit the websites of criminal lawyers for further information.

* Recommendations: You can request advice from your friends and relatives who have gone through similar situations. Thus, you may find trusted attorneys.

* Court visits: Visit the court and you may chance to meet lawyers with many years of successful records.

* References from the neighboring Bar Association: Most associations possess a list of names of attorneys by their specialties. If you want someone with a certain background, you can hire him/her. In case you have been charged for drunk driving, you must find a lawyer experienced in protecting DUI (Driving under Influence) suspects. Moreover, you need a law expert with considerable trial experience and may succeed if you choose a lawyer who is good at plea bargains.

* Background check: Ask questions before you choose a criminal defense attorney. Make sure he/she is certified and does not carry any malpractice records. You can also use the Internet for accessing the past records of these attorneys.

* Comparison shop: Talk to several lawyers. The first lawyer you meet need not be the best one for you. Fix appointments and meet the lawyers personally. Discuss the facts with the ones you meet, and you may be able to identify who can best help you in the situation.

* Comfort zone: Ensure that you are at ease to discuss your problems with the lawyer. Also, make sure that he/she is not overburdened. The attorney should have the required time to pay attention to you and the case.

To locate an experienced criminal lawyer – Camden (NJ) dwellers can visit the website www.cuneolawoffice.com. The legal team of David K. Cuneo defends people charged with criminal offense in very professional ways!

Criminal lawyer Camden NJ – The legal team of Law Offices of David K. Cuneo defends people charged with criminal offense in very professional ways!

Don’t Get Lost in Legal Jargon Know When To Call A Personal Injury Attorney

Most legal terms seem deliberately designed to confuse and frustrate the layperson. Some of the jargon we call legalese is actually founded in the dead language of Latin, making it difficult for the average person to understand. Fortunately, a few legal phrases and terms are actually quite obvious. Take for example the term “personal injury.”

As its name suggests, personal injury refers to a situation where a person is emotionally or physically injured due to the negligence of another. When it is clear that the other party was at fault, the injured individual has the legal right to file a lawsuit against them in civil court. If they are successful, the judge or jury will award damages.

Common Examples

With nearly as many automobiles as people in the US, it is no surprise that there are millions of reported car accidents each year. In about one-quarter of these collisions, someone is injured. If the driver that is found to be at fault was also deemed negligent, he or she may be sued for damages. As a result, automobile accidents are easily the most common reason people contact a personal injury attorney.

It is also possible to file suits because of slip and fall incidents, professional malpractice, product liability, workers’ compensation, and many other instances where negligence or wrongdoing can be established by a preponderance of the evidence.

Why File?

When you are injured in an accident, the burden of that injury must be borne by you. That includes medical bills, lost wages from work, and physical or emotional pain. But if you were not at fault and the other party is to blame, why should you be forced to pay for it? It seems only right and just that the other party should, at the very least, cover your financial losses. A personal injury attorney can handle the grueling negotiations for you to ensure that you are fairly compensated.

Possible Damages

In most cases, it is fairly easy to calculate exactly what you lost as the result of an accident -you simply add the wages you lost from work and your medical expenses. But compensation for pain and suffering can be much more complicated number to reach. This is just one of the many reasons why you should contact an experienced personal injury attorney if you have been hurt in an accident that was not your fault.

How They Can Help

Most valid personal injury cases are settled before they go to trial. To do so, the lead attorney must often negotiate with insurance companies, who are notoriously tough customers. While it is possible for individuals to do this on their own, we strongly advise against it. Insurance agents are, after all, highly skilled at handling these negotiations, and their only objective is to pay you less than you are owed. The best way to show them you are serious is to hire a personal injury attorney to speak on your behalf.

More often than not, an experienced personal injury attorney will help you settle your case for more than you could have on your own.

When looking for an expert personal injury attorney, Mobile, AL residents visit Bell Law Firm, P.C. Learn more about our services at http://www.belllawfirm.net.

Fresno Bankruptcy Attorney A Friend In Need

Business may not be kicking around as it should. Things seldom happen as they should. Things might have reached the worst point they ever could, and you might be even declared a bankrupt. If you find your business in Fresno, California, and you find yourself bankrupt, you would need a Fresno bankruptcy attorney to help you out of several tough situations. In the worst situation, you might have to liquidate all your assets to fill up all your liabilities. This might mean giving salary to your staff or even repaying debt. If you are unable to do so, you would require the services of a well qualified attorney.

When You Are Bankrupt, You Do This
If you don’t do anything about your bankruptcy quickly, it would affect your credit score in a negative manner, and your reputation as a good company would go down the gutter. The stain is going to remain as it is for several years. No one would bother about giving you credit, and your business set-up could be at a loss. Some amount of credit-assistance would certainly help, as would a bit of counseling. But a lawyer could solve almost all your problems. So, it is very important to get hold of a good lawyer well-versed in everything concerning bankruptcy, and you would never find anyone better than a Fresno bankruptcy attorney for this.

Different Types of Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy is dealt in three manners in the US. A qualified professional Fresno bankruptcy attorney is the best person to tell you all about this, but the given information should give you a brief idea.
The most common sort of bankruptcy is Chapter 13. A comprehensive plan for repayment of your debt is formed by your legal counsel. The process could involve extending the time given for the repayment, and even lowering the amount of money to be repaid. All of this is done with the agreement of the creditors.

The kind of bankruptcy where you have to liquidate some of your assets, with the exception of your personal belongings and other items of daily need is dealt with under the chapter 7 bankruptcy. At the end of the day, the credit report gets a black mark, and most of your assets are sold off to satisfy your creditors.
Chapter 11 bankruptcy works well for those who personally own the business. It lets the owner retain command of the business while the legal proceedings continue. A chapter 11 bankruptcy is the solution if the business isn’t able to pay its bills.

Does Bankruptcy Mean The End Of The World?
For the more adventurous, there are other options of dealing with bankruptcy like debt consolidation, debt settlement, credit counseling and debt management. Interest rates could be brought down with debt relief and penalties could as well be waived. At the end of the day, you don’t owe that much of money, and it is certainly not the end of the world if you find yourself bankrupt one day.

Hire An Expert Stryker Recall Lawyer To Get Compensated For Defective Hip & Knee Implants

Research shows that around 20 million Americans have osteoarthritis, which often occurs in the hip joint. Osteoarthritis is a clinical syndrome in which low-grade inflammation results in pain in the joints, caused by abnormal wearing of the cartilage that covers and acts as a cushion inside joints and destruction of synovial fluid that lubricates those joints. The condition is characterized by pain while walking, standing and bearing weight; stiffness in the joints and decreased mobility. In cases where the cartilage gets thinned due to osteoarthritis, a hip replacement surgery may be unavoidable.

Stryker offers a large range of orthopedic components that are used for surgical implants. However, the company has had problems with its hip devices since January 2005 when it began receiving complaints from patients who had received the implants. The problem was two-fold involving serious defects in the manufacturing as well as the designing process. Frequent problems necessitated FDA intervention in the matter. The FDA inspected the company facilities at New Jersey and Ireland, from where most of the Stryker hip implants to the US are produced.

In its first letter, the FDA cited several violations at the Cork plant, including missed deadlines to fix failures in following procedures for testing problematic products and documenting risk. In its second letter, FDA warned Stryker about its failure to implement adequate corrective and preventive actions in order to prevent recurrence of non-conforming product and other quality problems. In response to the FDA warning, Stryker announced a hip implant recall & knee implant recall of two Trident implant parts: the Trident Actabular PSL Cup and the Trident Hemispherical Cup.

If you or your family member has a Stryker hip implant and have experienced squeaking noises, joint pain or required a replacement of your Stryker implant due to mechanical defects, please contact a Stryker recall lawyer immediately. A Stryker hip recall lawyer will address all your concerns on the subject and guide you through your legal rights.

A qualified and experienced Stryker hip attorney can be contacted at the Barton Law Firm. This firm is recognized as a preeminent law firm that specializes in handling complex drug and personal injury cases on behalf of clients and injured persons all over the US. The company has provided successful representation in a hip recall lawsuit and hip replacement lawsuit.

Arguable Legal Points in a Motorcycle Accident

Many people associate Oakland with some of the most storied ball clubs in the US. The Oakland Raiders in football and the Golden State Warriors in basketball are just two of the most popular franchises that the city has to offer. While sports are a major crowd draw in Oakland, there are also other notable features in the city.

As Oakland’s economy is partly dependent on the marine cargo sector, traffic to the bay area always remains heavy. Major roads can sometimes go get gridlocked during rush hours and the holiday season. Motorcycle riders are especially vulnerable because accidental collisions have a greater chance of seriously injuring them.

If you’re a motorcycle driver who’s recently gotten into an accident, it’s time to consider hiring a lawyer. If you are being falsely accused of causing the incident, a good attorney can help prove your innocence. An Oakland lawyer use the following arguments to help your position.

Right of way

This is a common issue for most motorcycle accidents in the US as other motorists fail to recognize the right of the passing motorcycle. An Oakland motorcycle accident attorney can argue that it was the other driver that was on the wrong side of the road. Arguing right of way is fairly easy especially if witnesses can also corroborate the police report.

Negligence

Sometimes the other driver failed to see you while they’re driving because they were probably distracted with something else. This is another possible argument an Oakland motorcycle accident lawyer can use. If your legal counsel can prove that the other party was using his or her mobile phone while driving, you’ve practically won the case. Driver negligence is one of the major causes of motor vehicle accidents in the US. Texting, eating or talking on the phone are the common culprits.

DUI

An Oakland motorcycle accident attorney can also argue that the other party was driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Breathalyzer test results from the local traffic enforcers who handled the incident are crucial pieces of evidence. Finding empty beer cans or liquor bottles in the other driver’s vehicle are also key item that can prove your innocence.

Hire A Personal Injury Attorney To Make The Guilty Pay

Hiring a Chicago Personal Injury Attorney West Palm Beach is not a decision that you can take lightly. Even though most of them will work on contingency which means you don’t pay them unless they win the affair of filing a lawsuit, going to court and dealing with the rest of the process involved in getting compensation can be time-consuming and stressful. If you’re wondering whether you should be talking to personal injury attorneys in Chicago, consider the following.

No more legal hassles Are you troubled by the constant legal notices knocking on your door? Are you truly miffed by the various legal complications you have to go through every month? With a powerful attorney, all that is eliminated. When there is a strong legal team ready to clear the troubles for you, there is no reason to worry. Most successful companies owe their consistent smooth run to efficient legal teams. Until and unless they do our job well, there is no smooth sailing.

When a medical professional such as a nurse, doctor or hospital provides medical treatment at a lower level than the accepted standard, resulting in the patient’s personal injury or wrongful death, medical malpractice likely occurred. Medical malpractice, also termed medical negligence, is a serious issue which affects many Americans every year. These are a few of the situations which may warrant a medical malpractice lawyer.

A lawyer in either of the cases can help you whether it is negotiating outside the courtroom or fighting for your rights during the trials. The major challenge however is to find the right negotiator or perhaps an efficient and practiced lawyer.

Victims, who have suffered serious injuries in an accident due to negligent state authorities or rash drivers, must get in touch with an Accident Injury Lawyer to get justice and compensation from negligent party and the insurance companies.

If you are faced with serious legal issues, a tractor injury accident attorney, riding lawn mower accident attorney, or farm equipment accident attorney can help. An experienced lawyer can evaluate your case and help determine the best way to pursue legal action.

These are just some of the questions you should ask before you hire an attorney. Have a list ready. Remember you are interviewing him not the other way around. Many lawyers would like you to believe that they choose the cases. Many try to make you think they are doing you a favor by representing you. If the lawyer you are interviewing acts that way, politely move on to the next interview. There are many lawyers in the world today. There is no need to stick with one that is arrogant. I hope you have found this useful.

US laws state that a victim of an unforeseen mishap may seek compensation in cases where someone else is responsible for it. A number of incidents are classified under the personal injury category. Some of these are motor accidents, workplace accidents, medical malpractice, and so on.

Gather Information about the US Immigration with Legal Help

Immigration in the US is turning into a difficult task with passing time. Earlier it was a matter of submitting application. However, these days the task has become lot harder than before. Now, people cannot become a permanent citizen of the US without going through some challenges. If you are planning to apply for the US immigration, you need to find a competent lawyer with specialization in immigration law.

The first step of immigration is filling out a visa. Now, this seems like a simple task. However, when you arrive at the immigration agency and face the array of choices laid before you, the task may not look that easy. There is more than one type of visas available. It is up to you to find the one which describes your situation closely. Failing to do this may postpone the process. Deportation is a dreary incident for anyone and a delay may lead to this as well. Therefore, be prepared to find the right form. In case you need legal help for the selection process, make sure to ask for assistance. You will not regret later.

If you are an investor and you want to live in the US permanently, you are in luck. There is a type of visa that has been designed for the business investors only. This visa is known as Miami Investor EB-5. To obtain this visa you need to invest money in the US economy.

There is a minimum amount requirement that you need to invest to apply for EB5. The amount may differ depending on the location you are planning to invest on. However, normally it is one million dollar that is required to be invested. You can discuss with your immigration lawyer about the matter. The lawyers do the evaluation of the amount. They review the documents and find out how much you need to invest to obtain the citizenship.

It is important that your investment opens up the employment opportunity in the US. You need to be able to employ at least ten US citizens in your business. You have the option of setting up your own business there in the US. If you are unwilling to start from the grain, you can invest in one of the existing organizations. This will help in expansion and you will be able to obtain the visa for permanent residency.

Once you have established that you are about to invest legitimate fund for the business and your visa has been confirmed, you will be able to apply for green card.

Legal Immigration Difficulties

I decided to begin a conversation using the issues of legal immigration, due to the fact they are the most severe and most tough problems of immigrants. The first guidance could be to seek out immigration lawyer will assist you to to legal problems might be. Locate immigration lawyer could be challenging and pricey, so I gave some recommendations on legal immigration. Common difficulties of legal immigration before immigrants from about the planet:

* To obtain permission to remain residence over initially believed when I wrote a temporary visa which permits only stay for 3 months and now you would like to remain longer or permanently.
* To obtain permission to perform pursuits that you are not currently approved to accomplish these kinds of work. This can be just about the most typical difficulties along with your immigration status is defined by your visa (entry paperwork), only to justify selected actions.
* Give mother and father within the region, by way of example, husband or wife, young children, parents or fiance (e) to join you within the new region of residence.
* On the danger of leaving the new host region.
* Because the custody of immigration authorities within a detention center or the airport. What occurred to my mothers and fathers who had legal immigration documents and was arrested in the airport for greater than two hrs, just due to the fact the immigration authorities on the airport could not understand how African college students had the money to fly into and from the U.S., so he determined that he’s involved in suspicious exercise. We needed to get immigration legal professional to assist us. It has also been not too long ago renowned Indian Bollywood star Shah Rukh Khan was detained within the U.S. in the airport. So even folks legal immigration paperwork, US immigration issue, some just depending on discrimination, racial or otherwise.
* Do you have a passport and didn’t know regardless of whether you might be eligible for US passport from home.
* Need to grow to be a citizen, and you also change your immigration status.
* Keen to travel (eg, emergency or family members leave), but were afraid to travel because you usually do not know no matter whether you would return in the new nation of residence.
* Do you’ve got the best to make use of state services or declare benefits, these as schooling, well being, housing, social services, housing benefits, Council tax benefit. Be aware: This also applies to legal immigrants who pay taxes, though they at times usually do not qualify for social benefits.
* Do you might have the best to vote.
* A relative or pal has to be returned towards the airport or harbor once they arrive for you.ou.

In the agencies of New Jersey Immigration Attorney every consumer is treated having a excellent deal of value and we make certain that all your needs is going to be met with as significantly pace as accuracy that your situation demands.

Get An Idea Of The Different Qualities Of A Good Personal Injury Attorney

Personal injuries may happen anytime and anyplace. However, it is seen, in many cases that people tend to overlook the importance of hiring a personal injury attorney to deal with such mishaps. In most parts of the United States, like Sarasota (FL) and Fruitville (FL), you would come across a number of such lawyers. However, it is important to know that not all are equally experienced to deal with every aspect of such legal matters pertaining to personal injury.

Most of the American citizens, especially those residing in some of the major US cities, like Sarasota (FL) and Englewood (FL), who have interacted with a personal injury attorney recently, would tell you that it is always a good idea to spend some time to find the best lawyer. However, since after such mishaps nobody would have the time to search for a good lawyer, it is better to keep the contact details of a few of them beforehand. Here are some qualities of a good personal injury attorney, which in turn would help you recognize him amongst others:

1.Open for discussion anytime of the day: A good lawyer, who deals in such legal matters, would be ready to help you and also discuss the situation with you anytime of the day. These types of accidents do not announce beforehand of their happening. So it is very important for a good lawyer to be always prepared to help his clients.

2.Willing to keep you updated: One of the great qualities of a good personal injury attorney is that he would never shy away from keeping his clients updated about the happenings of the case in a court of law. If the lawyer refuses to do this basic service, then all his clients would remain in the dark about what is happening to their cases. This in turn would hamper the popularity of the legal adviser and all his future clients would think twice before approaching him for help.

Whatever be the situation, it is always considered to be a good idea to take your time and look for a good and experienced personal injury attorney. Sarasota (FL) and Laurel (FL) are some of those places in the US where you would find a number of people who have kept the contact details of such legal advisers handy. This is good since you never know when you may need one to help you during times of distress.